Department of Environmental Quality

DEQ Home/ Land Quality/ Environmental Cleanup/ ECSI/ Site Summary

Environmental Cleanup Site Information (ECSI) Database Site Summary Report - Details for Site ID 666, Taylor Lumber & Treating Inc.

This report shows data entered as of September 19, 2021 at 6:19:16 AM

This report contains site details, organized into the following sections: 1) Site Photos (appears only if the site has photos); 2) General Site Information; 3) Site Characteristics; 4) Substance Contamination Information; 5) Investigative, Remedial and Administrative Actions; and 6) Site Environmental Controls (i.e., institutional or engineering controls; appears only if DEQ has applied one or more such controls to the site).  A key to certain acronyms and terms used in the report appears at the bottom of the page.

Note: DEQ may have posted online documents related to this site. If so, they would be available for viewing or downloading on ECSI Summary Page

Go to DEQ's Facility Profiler to see a site map as well is information on what other DEQ programs may be active at this site.

Environmental Cleanup Site Information (ECSI) Database Site Summary Report - Details for Site ID 666, Taylor Lumber & Treating Inc.

General Site Information

Site ID: 666 Site Name: Taylor Lumber & Treating Inc. CERCLIS No: 009042532
Address: 22125 SW Rock Creek Rd. Sheridan 97378
  County: Yamhill Region: Western
Other location information: Rock Creek Rd. along the north side of Hwy 18.
Investigation Status: Listed on CRL or Inventory
Brownfield Site: No NPL Site: Yes Orphan Site: Yes Study Area: No
Property: Twnshp/Range/Sect: 5S , 6W , 33 Tax Lots: 5633-100
  Latitude: 45.0961 deg. Longitude: -123.4269 deg.  Site Size: 58 acres
Other Site Names:
  John C Taylor Lumber Sales Inc.
  Pacific Wood Preserving
  McFarland Cascade Sheridan

Site Characteristics

General Site Description:
Site History:
Contamination Information: (10/17/2001 MMD/VCP) Taylor Lumber began operating a sawmill and maintenance shop at the site in 1946. The company expanded their operations to include wood treating in 1966. Taylor Lumber & Treating pressure-treated wood products using creosote and PCP, which were stored in aboveground storage tanks in two separate tank farms. Chemicals used during the treatment of lumber, including PCP, creosote, arsenic and PAHs, were found at high concentrations in the soil, groundwater, and drainage ditches surrounding the facility. Dioxin and mercury were also found at the site. Similar chemicals were found in the waters and sediments of the South Yamhill River, located a couple hundred feet south of the site. Dioxin was found in surface soils in nearby offsite residential yards.
Manner and Time of Release: Spillage from treating activities, 1966 to present.
Hazardous Substances/Waste Types: Pentachlorophenol, tetrachlorophenol, naphthalene, acenaphthene, fluorene, dioxin, arsenic
Pathways: The Taylor Lumber & Treating facility is located about one mile west of Sheridan, extending north from the intersection of Salmon River Highway (Hwy 18) and Rock Creek Road. The South Yamhill River is across the highway to the south of the site. The surrounding area is largely rural, with some houses along Rock Creek Road. The pathways include discharge of groundwater and ditch sediments to the river, on and offsite contaminated ditch sediments, onsite and offsite exposure to contaminated surface soils, onsite trench and excavation worker exposure to contaminated subsurface soils, blowing of contaminated surface soils/dust on and offsite.
Environmental/Health Threats: In addition to contamination on Taylor's property, air contamination was found up to one mile from the facility, and soil contamination was found at private residences up to half a mile away. Contamination is also present in the South Yamhill River.
Status of Investigative or Remedial Action: (10/17/2001 MMD/VCS) Assessment and cleanup of facility was initiated in DEQ's Site Response Section in 1989. In April 1991, oversight was transferred to DEQ's RCRA program. Between 1991 and 2000, Taylor completed an assessment of the retort and former drip pad area; installed a RCRA drip pad; completed a RCRA Facility Assessment; cleaned and closed a former surface impoundment/vault; decommissioned USTs; assessed and performed UST-related remedial action; completed a groundwater beneficial-use survey; completed a RCRA Phase 1 Facility Investigation; prepared a draft ecological risk assessment; designed and built a new stormwater treatment plant; paved part of the wood-treatment and storage areas; and installed a bentonite-slurry wall around the treatment plant to contain DNAPL and contaminated groundwater. The area was also capped to prevent infiltration and exposure. In 1999 and early 2000, EPA Region 10's Superfund Program evaluated the site's status and determined that it needed further investigation under CERCLA. EPA proposed the site for NPL listing in December 2000. The site was listed on the NPL in June 2001. EPA contractors prepared a database of all usable data collected at the site, a conceptual model for a screening Phase 1 Risk Assessment, and a Phase 1 RI Report in 2001. Taylor Lumber filed for bankruptcy and closed the site in summer 2001.

(July 2002) DEQ conducted a site visit and reviewed/commented on the Phase II Investigation Work Plan. EPA's contractor implemented Phase II field work.

(January 2003) DEQ receives and comments on Phase II Data Evaluation Report.

(October 2003) EPAs contractor completed a Remedial Investigation and Baseline Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment reports.

(November/December 2003) DEQ comments on RI and Baseline RA.

(August 2004) A draft Feasibility Study was delivered to DEQ in July 2004 for review. DEQ commented on the FS in August 2004 and is awaiting a revised document. DEQ reviews EPA's action memo for the Klingler resident yard cleanup.

(November 21, 2004) EPA completes cleanup of the Klingler residential yard.

(January 2005) DEQ awaiting final FS document and draft proposed plan. Loren McPhillips, the EPA Project Manager, has retired; project temporarily on hold until EPA assigns a new Project Manager.

(7/27/05/NS/NPL) Karen Keely is the new EPA project manager assigned to the site. The final RI/FS was completed and submitted to DEQ. DEQ reviewed and commented on a draft proposed plan in July 2005. EPA's proposed alternatives include upgrading and expanding the existing cap at the West Facility, ICs at non-hot-spot soil areas at the West Facility, maintaining the barrier wall and groundwater extraction systems, and potentially adding additional extraction wells outside the barrier wall. No action is proposed by EPA for the East Facility or the Southern portion of the Klingler Residence. DEQ is continuing to evaluate whether soil contamination in these areas poses a risk under Oregon Law. The proposed plan and the FS are being prepared for a 30-day public comment period to run for the month of August 2005. The next steps in the project following public comment will be for EPA and DEQ to come up with an agreement on cleanup and O&M funding responsibilities, including the state match and preparation of a draft ROD.

(2/8/06) ROD finalized in September 2005 and includes EPA's proposed alternatives as discussed above (upgrading the cap, IC's for nonhot spot areas, maintaining the barrier wall and extraction system). EPA stuck with the no action scenario for the East facility and the southern portion of the Klingler residence. DEQ will continue to evaluate whether soil contamination in these areas poses a risk under Oregon Law. The current property owners could possibly be liable if the contamination is determined a risk, but it would likely be a low priority risk. The appropriate property owners have been notified in writing of this situation.

The next steps are EPA's preparation and DEQ's review of the RD/RA.

DEQ project manager (Norm Read) is a assigned to the project.

(12/19/06) DEQ determines that the West Facility of the Taylor Lumber site meeets Oregon's acceptable risk standards for both individual and multiple carcinogens, or in the case of arsenic, the background concentration for site worker and trenchworker scenarios, and that the remedy will meet Oregon ARARs.

(10/15/07) Pre-Final walk-through performed.

(2007) Additional contamination found outside the LOF near the souteast corner fo the site. Handled separately under EPA Emergency Response.

(March 2008) Orphan site designation.

(9/30/08) EPA issues Preliminary Closeout Report

Upcoming tasks are to review Final Construction Report and development of the Operation & Maintenance Plan and Manual.
Data Sources: EPA Assessment reports, including a Listing Site Inspection report prepared for EPA by Ecology & Environment (March 1990) and Integrated Assessment Report (EPA Region 10 START, July 2000).

Substance Contamination Information

Substance Media Contaminated Concentration Level Date Recorded
ACENAPHTHENE Groundwater 0.990 mg/l  
FLUORENE Groundwater 0.983 mg/l  
NAPHTHALENE Groundwater 30.5 mg/l  
PENTACHLOROPHENOL Groundwater 0.409 mg/l  
TETRACHLOROPHENOL,2,3,4,6- Groundwater 0.035 mg/l  

Investigative, Remedial and Administrative Actions

Action Start Date Compl. Date Resp. Staff Lead Pgm
OPERATION & MAINTENANCE  (Primary Action) 11/26/2018   Nancy Sawka ORP
View Full Report Showing Action History

Site Environmental Controls

Control Description Begin Date End Date Last Reviewed By Last Review Date
Barrier wall 08/15/2000   EPA/DEQ
  Comments: A subsurface soil-bentonite barrier wall was installed around the old drip pad in the former treatment plant area to contain the DNAPL plume and contaminated groundwater. An asphalt cap was installed over the area to prevent infiltration of water and surface exposure.
Cap, non-engineered 09/15/2000   EPA/DEQ/PWT
  Comments: The northwest corner of the treated pole storage area was paved over to prevent contact and exposure to high levels of arsenic in the surface soils.
Berms or impoundments 09/15/2000   EPA/DEQ/PWT
  Comments: Excavated soils from various sources on site that were suspected of contamination were placed in three soil storage cells located on the northwest corner of the site. The cells are lined with 40-mil HDPE and covered with a 12-mil Duraskrim liner.

Key to Certain Acronyms and Terms in this Report:

You may be able to obtain more information about this site by contacting Nancy Sawka at the Western regional office or via email at If this does not work, you may contact Ximena Cruz Cuevas (503) 229-6811, or via email at or contact the Western regional office.