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Environmental Cleanup Site Information (ECSI) Database Site Summary Report - Details for Site ID 1311, Owens Brockway Glass Container- Johnson Lake 2086

This report shows data entered as of January 21, 2022 at 4:16:35 AM

This report contains site details, organized into the following sections: 1) Site Photos (appears only if the site has photos); 2) General Site Information; 3) Site Characteristics; 4) Substance Contamination Information; 5) Investigative, Remedial and Administrative Actions; and 6) Site Environmental Controls (i.e., institutional or engineering controls; appears only if DEQ has applied one or more such controls to the site).  A key to certain acronyms and terms used in the report appears at the bottom of the page.

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Environmental Cleanup Site Information (ECSI) Database Site Summary Report - Details for Site ID 1311, Owens Brockway Glass Container- Johnson Lake 2086

Site Photos
Click to View Photo Picture Date Caption Size
View Photo 05/09/2005 Johnson Lake looking west 411 Kb

General Site Information

Site ID: 1311 Site Name: Owens Brockway Glass Container- Johnson Lake 2086 CERCLIS No: 009026618
Address: 5850 NE 92nd Dr. Portland 97220
  County: Multnomah Region: Northwest
Other location information: 5535 NE 101st AVE - refers to same location as 5850 NE 92nd Dr
Investigation Status: Listed on CRL or Inventory
Brownfield Site: No NPL Site: No Orphan Site: No Study Area: No
Property: Twnshp/Range/Sect: 1N , 2E , 16 Tax Lots: 2200
  Latitude: 45.5631 deg. Longitude: -122.5647 deg.  Site Size: 42.73 acres
Other Site Names:

Site Characteristics

General Site Description:
Site History:
Contamination Information: (4/30/97 LSK/SAS) EPA conducted a PA on the site in 1984, found no significant contamination, and gave it a federal NFA. Oily wastewater was discharged, after treatment, to Johnson Lake prior to the facility's 1976 connection to the sanitary sewer. (See ECSI #2086 for more information on Johnson Lake). Although refractory brick and unusable glass pieces were buried in an on-site landfill, leachable metals are well below SOCLEAN leachate standards. A 1990 EPA TSCA inspection found administrative violations associated with former PCB transformers, but PCBs were not found in soil. Based on a June 1994 review of "voluminous" source files, DEQ's Site Assessment program determined that there was no evidence of contamination that might threaten human health or the environment. Therefore, Site Assessment recommended no further action at that time. (12/30/99 JMA/VCP) Parametrix completed a Screening Level Risk Assessment (SLRA) for the Columbia Slough system in 1995 for the City of Portland. As part of the SLRA, 3 sediment samples were collected from Johnson Lake. The SLRA sample collected near Owens-Brockway's outfall draining the transformer yard contained 0.38 ppm PCBs (Arochlor 1260), one of the highest PCB (Arochlor 1260) levels found during the SLRA. Owens-Brockway conducted a follow-up sediment investigation in 1998 under VCP oversight to verify PCB sediment contamination near the subject outfall. Two of the seven samples contained detectable concentrations of PCBs (max 0.35 ppm). PCBs (max 0.22 ppm) also found in a sediment sample collected adjacent to an outfall that serviced facilities east of I-205 including Myer's Containers property. An eighth sample collected near an outfall on the east side of the lake originating at the Myers Container facility east of I-205 also contained elevated PCB concentrations.
Manner and Time of Release: Unknown source, volume and time. A primary source of sediment contamination is suspected to be Owens-Brockway facility. Facilities, e.g. Myers Containers, that discharge to the outfall extending under I-205 on the east side of Johnson lake likely to have also contributed to contamination found in sediments.
Hazardous Substances/Waste Types: PCBs are present in Johnson Lake sediments in the vicinity of an outfall draining Owens-Brockway's transformer yard.
Low level contaminated material (at or below occupational site use screening levels) dredged from the Johnson Lake Slough was placed on a portion of the facilities parking lot.
Pathways: Sediments are the only media with verified contamination at Owens-Brockway. Possible exposure pathways for human receptors at the facility include, but are not necessarily limited to, direct contact and/or incidental ingestion of contaminated groundwater, and consumption of contaminated fish. The contaminated sediments may also serve as a reservoir from which PCBs can be released at low concentrations over a long period of time and potentially bioaccumulate in aquatic, benthic, and/or terrestrial receptors.
Environmental/Health Threats:
Status of Investigative or Remedial Action: [4/19/2021 VCP/Landes]: The site is currently in long-term monitoring, in accordance with the 2012 Operations and Maintenance Plan. The next cap inspection and fish tissue study is planned for the summer in 2022. The last annual inspection and fish tissue study was completed in 2017.

Investigation History: (4/30/1997 LSK/SAS) The site was re-evaluated as part of a review of all sites within the Columbia Slough Study Area. Based on the City of Portland's Screening Level Risk Assessment, the site priority was rated high. Sediment samples taken by the City documented contamination from PCBs and metals adjacent to the Owens Brockway site. Past releases from the site may have discharged to the Columbia Slough and Johnson Lake via on-site drainage ditches and private and municipal stormwater outfalls. Old aerial photos showed two wastewater lagoons at Owens Brockway and a discharge pathway to Johnson Lake, and there was evidence that the lagoons discharged an oily substance to Johnson Lake during 1950s and 1960s. (10/30/1997 JMA/VCP) Owens Brockway entered the Voluntary Cleanup Program by signing a Letter Agreement on 9/18/97. (10/12/00 JMA/VCP) Owens-Brockway conducted a sediment investigation in 1998 under VCP oversight to verify PCB sediment contamination near the outfall draining Owens-Brockway transformer yard. The investigation results verified low concentrations of PCBs (< 1 ppm) in sediments near the outfall. DEQ requested that Owens-Brockway complete an Upland Source Investigation to determine if there is an active source of PCBs at the facility that impacts Johnson Lake sediments. (5/6/03 JLS/VCP ) Upland investigation completed and no significant ongoing sources of PCBs documented, however, PCBs detected in the drainage pathway to Johnson Lake indicate a historical source of contamination. In summer 2002, DEQ indicated that Owens Brockway was likely the primary source of contamination to Johnson Lake, but that there was also clear contribution via the outfall extending under I-205 from the Myers Container property. DEQ directed Owens Brockway to conduct an investigation of Johnson Lake as well as to complete an investigation of upland contamination. Owens Brockway requested time to complete investigation of potential upgradient sources of contamination to the lake and potentially engage other parties in the lake work. DEQ allowed Owens Brockway six months (ending April 2003) to conduct this work. On April 30, 2003, Owens Brockway submitted a draft Work Plan proposal for investigating the lake. (8/6/03 JLS/SRP) DEQ provided comments on the draft work plan on June 5, 2003. A revised work plan was submitted on July 17, 2003. (11/5/03 JLS/SRP) DEQ provided comments June 5, 2003. A revised work plan was submitted July 16, 2003. DEQ provided comments July 24, 2003, via e-mail and discussed the comments with Owens-Illinois via conference call on September 11, 2003. Technical differences focussed on the appropriate method for analyzing PCBs in fish tissue. DEQ comments provided via e-mail August 23,2003, and discussed with Owens Illinois October 2003. Response to comments provided November 2003. DEQ approval with comments provided December 2003. (3/1/04 JLS/ER&CU) Response to comments provided. DEQ work plan approval provided January 12, 2004. Final work plan submitted January 30, 2004. (6/21/04 JLS/CU&LW) Johnson Lake investigation conducted March 2004. Catch basin cleaning completed June 2004. (11/12/04 JLS/CU&LW) Report on lake investigation and risk assessment work plan submitted July 2004. DEQ comments provided October 2004. Risk Assessment completed. (12/04) JLS/CU&LW) Investigation conducted March 2004 included sediment sampling, bioassays, and fish tissue sampling. Investigation report submitted July 2004. DEQ comment provided October 2004. Draft risk assessment submitted December 2004. Teleconference meeting to discuss risk assessment issues held March 2005.

(7/29/05 JLS/CU&LW) DEQ clearinghouse discussion April 2005. DEQ comments on risk assessment provided June 2005. Feasibility Study (FS) outline submitted July 2005. DEQ approval with comment provided July 2005. (11/7/05 JLS/CU&LW) FS options discussed with Owens-Illinois October 2005.

ROD issued July 2007. Additional PCB sampling conducted July 2008. ROD amendment issued July 2009.

Soil removal and swale construction implemented fall 2009. 90% Design for lake cleanup (thin-layer capping) provided December 2009. Upland investigation data summary report completed. (May 2007). Final Design for lake cleanup submitted February 2010. DEQ approval provided February 2010.

Permitting issues (balance cut/fill) delayed implementation of lake capping to summer 2011, pending mitigation for adding fill to lake. Owens sampling plan for Johnson lake Slough to evaluate as potential mitigation area submitted in November 2010. DEQ approval provided November 2010. Sampling conducted December 2010. City approval of action provided June 2011. Lake capping initiated September 2011. Johnson Slough dredging completed December 2011. Material dredged from Johnson Slough was placed on the northern portion of the Owens Brockway truck parking lot. Concentrations in this material did not exceed screening levels associated with occupational site use. Lake capping completed March 2012.

A long-term monitoring and maintenance plan has been prepared. DEQ comments were addressed and the final plan approved December 2012. The plan was revised with an updated figure showing final locations of warning signs in December 2013 An EES was filed with Mult County, documenting the presence of the cap January 2013.

A public comment period for a no further action/certificate of completion proposal was held December 2012. No comments were received. A Certification of Completion was filed with the Court in January 2014 and a No Further Action letter issued February 2014.

Long-term O&M continues and fish were sampled in 2017 as described in the O&M plan. Next sampling event planned for 2022. Monitoring reports submitted 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017.
Data Sources: 1) February 1995, Parametrix, "Screening Level Risk Assessment." 2) July 1995 Pacific Northern Geoscience, "Johnson Lake Phase I ESA." 3) November 1998, Kennedy Jenks, "Sediment PCB Investigation Report."

Substance Contamination Information

Substance Media Contaminated Concentration Level Date Recorded
CHROMIUM Other Refractory Brick 1.62 mg/L (EP-TOX) 1/11/1982 3:14:01 PM
LEAD Sediment 124 ppm 2/1/1995 2:14:16 PM
PCB 1260 Sediment 0.338 ppm 1/1/1994 3:16:00 PM

Investigative, Remedial and Administrative Actions

Action Start Date Compl. Date Resp. Staff Lead Pgm
Periodic Review  (Primary Action) 02/04/2020   Franziska Landes
View Full Report Showing Action History

Site Environmental Controls

Control Description Begin Date End Date Last Reviewed By Last Review Date
Cap, non-engineered 09/07/2012   Jennifer Sutter, DEQ
  Comments: In 2011/2012 Owens Brockway placed a minimum 6-inch cap of clean sand/sediment over the majority of the sediment in Johnson Lake.

Key to Certain Acronyms and Terms in this Report:

You may be able to obtain more information about this site by contacting Franziska Landes at the Northwest regional office or via email at If this does not work, you may contact Ximena Cruz Cuevas (503) 229-6811, or via email at or contact the Northwest regional office.