Oregon State SealOregon Department of Environmental Quality
Duane St. Safeway Property

Summary Information
(last updated on: 1/14/2020 12:23:35 PM)
[Dec. 2015] Previous site use of the property included an automobile repair garage and paint shop, a used car sales business, a dry cleaning establishment, a newspaper printing company, and a Safeway grocery store.

In 2012, the City of Astoria received Brownfield assistance from Oregon DEQ through DEQ’s 128a EPA Brownfield grant to conduct assessment activities to determine the extent of soil and groundwater impact from previous site activities. Later in that year, the city received a pilot grant from the EPA to conduct additional assessment and cleanup at the site.

Soil, groundwater, and soil gas sampling have been conducted at the site. The investigations found the highest levels of contamination in soil (metals, petroleum, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls) beneath the NW corner of the raised parking structure (SC-3). Groundwater has also been impacted with low levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and metals. Soil gas sampling did not show any levels of contaminants above health based screening levels.

An Analysis of Brownfield Cleanup Alternatives (ABCA) was released for public comment in October, 2015. No comments were received during the public comment period. Therefore, an interim remedial action measure (IRAM) work plan was submitted and subsequently approved by DEQ that includes soil removal, disposal, and confirmation sampling.

Specifically, stockpile soil present in the sunken basement area of the former Safeway building (SC-1 and SC-2) will be removed and disposed of under a DEQ Solid Waste Letter of Authorization at the Astoria Rock Quarry, located off of Pipeline Road. Soil in the northeast corner beneath the raised parking strucutre (DU-2) will also be removed to a depth of 12 inches and disposed of at the quarry. The material disposed of at the quarry will be covered with a minimum of three feet of clean soil and managed in accordance with the requirements of the SWLA. Soil from the northwest corner beneath the raised parking structure (SC-3) is considered hazardous waste and will be disposed of at Arlington Landfill in eastern Oregon.

Following soil removal, confirmation samples will be collected from the leave surface beneath the raised parking deck area and analyzed for: metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and dioxins/furans. The removal is scheduled to begin in early January and last approximately 3 weeks. A link to the IRAM Work Plan is included below. (5/7/2018 RWA) An Interim Remedial Action Measure (IRAM) for the removal and disposal of contaminated soil at the site began on January 4, 2016 and was completed on February 10, 2016. A link to the Soil Closure Report is included below. Approximately 1,500 yd3 of non-hazardous soil was disposed of at the City of Astoria owned rock quarry under DEQ Solid Waste Letter of Authorization # 1568, dated October 13, 2015. Approximatley 97 tons of hazardous soil material was removed and transported to Chemical Waste Management Landfill in Arlington, Oregon under profile # OR328504. Due to structural integrity concerns associated with the parking deck, contaminated soil removal was limited to the depth of the parking deck footings. Confirmation samples were collected from the limits of the excavation. Low-level contamination remains at the site. Therefore, access is restricted (via locked access gates, demarcation fabric, and construction fencing), and bi-monthly inspections are performed and reported to DEQ. DEQ evaluated groundwater data and determined that concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the site do not appear to impact the Columbia River. Prior to consideration of a No Further Action determination, a contaminated media management plan (CMMP) must be submitted for DEQ review, and a protective cap installed to restrict exposure of future site users to residual levels of contamination.
General Site Information
Site: Duane St. Safeway Property (ECSI Site ID: 4075) CERCLIS (EPA) Id
Project Manager: Kara Master Investigative Status:Contamination Suspected
PM Phone: 503-229-5585 NPL(National Priority Listing):No
Address: 1153 Duane St. Is this site an Orphan?No
Astoria, 97103 Is this site a brownfield?Yes
County: CLATSOP Action Underway or Needed: REMOVAL
Region: Northwest Region Click for more details ...  
Site Documents
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File NameCategory File Size MB Document Date Upload Date
Heritage Square Fact Sheet 2.pdf Fact Sheets 0.1557 10/10/2015 5/7/2018
Heritage Square Fact Sheet 1.pdf Fact Sheets 0.1664 4/1/2014 5/8/2018
Astoria Heritage Sq. meeting presentation, 5-21-14.pdf Miscellaneous 3.9751 5/21/2014 12/28/2017
NWDCER4075HeritageSquareABCA20151001.pdf Reports 2.1349 10/1/2015 10/1/2015
NWDCER4075FinalSIReport,6-9-15.pdf Reports 10.0864 6/9/2015 11/9/2017
NWDCER4075SoilCleanupRprt20170306.pdf Reports 9.7595 3/6/2017 5/7/2018
COA - Heritage Sq. Security Report 11.20.pdf Reports 13.6797 11/23/2020 12/4/2020
COA - Heritage Sq. Security Report 12.20.pdf Reports 8.6917 12/24/2020 12/24/2020
NWDCER4075GroundwaterAssessmentReport20171109.pdf Reports 5.9681 11/9/2017 9/7/2021
NWDCER4075HeritageSquareIRAMWorkPlan20151223.pdf Work Plans 6.1059 12/23/2015 12/23/2015
NWDCER4075HeritageSquareIRAMWorkPlanAddendum20160128.pdf Work Plans 7.1245 1/28/2016 1/28/2016
NWDCER4075QAPPSAPAddendumMonitoringWell20160629.pdf Work Plans 0.5244 6/29/2016 6/29/2016
FINAL_QAPP_Astoria (April 2014).pdf Work Plans 7.3640 4/23/2014 12/28/2017
Site Links
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Astoria Chinese Heritage | Garden of Surging Waves | Astoria, Oregon Website presenting the background of the commemorative park, which is located on the west side of the Heritage Square site.
City of Astoria Oregon: Heritage Square Redevelopment Project City of Astoria website for the Heritage Square brownfield project.

Click on the Photograph to see a larger version.

Garden of Surging Waves (located at the NW corner of Duane and 11th Street). The Garden is on the west side of the site.
Garden of Surging Waves inaugural ceremony, May 2014
Garden of Surging Waves
Garden of Surging Waves facing west towards City Hall
View of soil stockpile and collapsed Safeway area on central/east side of site. City Hall and Garden of Surging Waves in background.
View facing east from west side of sunken area showing soil stockpile. Sample location DP-19 located in left corner (just inside wall).
View of downtown Astoria, Heritage Square
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Department of Environmental Quality
700 NE Multnomah Street, Suite 600 Portland, OR 97232
Hours: Mon-Fri, 8 a.m.-5 p.m

Email: DEQInfo@deq.state.or.us | Phone: 503-229-5696 | Fax: 503-229-6124

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