Waste Prevention and Reduction
Wasteshed programs for a two percent recovery rate credit
Construction and demolition debris salvage program with depots
Oregon Administrative Rule 340-090-0045(2)(b)(A): Operate construction and demolition
debris salvage programs with depots.
What is construction and demolition debris?
A waste composition study done by Metro (the regional government for
the Portland metropolitan area), in 1994, determined that nearly 26
of the regionís disposed waste is generated by construction
(including remodeling) and demolition debris of structures
such as residential and commercial buildings and roadways Ė
approximately 256,000 tons out of a total of about 1,000,000 tons.
Much of this waste is easily reused or recycled, so it makes sense
to target it for waste reduction and recycling.
In this web page we focus on reuse.
Some of the major components, not all of which are reusable, of the
Metro C&D debris wastestream are:
- Wood, 38 percent
- Yard debris and land clearing debris - 13 percent
- Cardboard - 13 percent
- Roofing - 10 percent
- Metal - 9 percent
- Drywall - 8 percent
- Windows, doors, cabinets, flooring, light and bathroom fixtures.
What is a C&D "salvage program with depots?"
A salvage program with depots has, at a minimum, one established,
wasteshed-sponsored depot where people can drop off or purchase,
used building materials. The materials are made available for reuse
rather than being recycled or landfilled. The depot can be run by a
for-profit or a not-for-profit organization, by a public agency or a
A successful C&D salvage depot has:
- A detailed Business Plan. Research which materials have a resale
value and which donít. Where will the materials come from? What is
the local market for reused building materials? How big is it?
- A Promotion and Marketing Plan. Include written information for
local construction and demolition contractors, explaining what
materials are accepted and how they should be prepared. Make sure
they know about the program. (E.g. have information such as brochures
or fact sheets available at the local agency issuing building
permits. Ideally the local contractors are involved in the
development of this program. They will be the principal providers of
- An Education Campaign. Work cooperatively with the jurisdictions
in the region to ensure the implementation of a regular, ongoing
promotion and education campaign about C&D reuse opportunities,
developments, and resources, that reaches out to industry, trade
organizations, and the public. For more information on Education
Campaigns, see our fact sheet on "Reuse Education Campaign".
- A Good Location. The depot needs to be conveniently located,
e.g. next to a landfill or transfer station.
- Convenient hours. The depot should have regular, publicized
hours and should be staffed whenever the adjacent landfill or
transfer station is open - otherwise it will be inundated with
- Financial Incentive. Make sure you clarify whether you will pay,
charge, or provide tax credits in exchange for the materials and be
sure to charge less to accept material than the local disposal
Referrals to Existing Programs
- CARTíM started a salvage depot at the Manzanita transfer station
serving North Tillamook County on 12/3/98. Depot location: Manzanita
Transfer Station - Recycling Center. PO Box 122, Manzanita, OR
- BRING Recycling, Eugene. Not-for-profit. Depot location: 86641
Franklin Blvd., Eugene.
- The Rebuilding Center, Portland. Not-for-profit. Contact: Shane
Endicott at 503-221-3193, Fax: 503-295-7984. Depot location 2015 NW 23rd (at Vaughn),
- Rejuvenation, Inc., Portland. For-profit. Accepts pre-1940
materials only. Store location: 1100 SE Grand Ave.,
- Urban Ore, Berkeley, CA. For-profit. Contact: Dan Knapp,
President, at 510-559-4454, Fax: 510-528-1540. Depot location: 1333
Sixth Street, Berkeley, CA 94710.
- The Loading Dock, Baltimore, MD. Not-for-profit. Contact: Leslie
Kirkland, Executive Director, at 410-558-3625, Fax: 410-558-3633.
The Loading Dock is the first successful, self-sufficient,
not-for-profit depot of reusable building material in the nation. To
respond to many requests for technical assistance, they wrote a "How
to Manual". For ordering information. Depot
location: 2 North Kresson Street, Baltimore, MD 21224
Sources for More Information
- Resource Recycling, Steve Apotheker. "Managing construction and
demolition materials," Aug. 92.
- Biocycle, Zev Kalin, "Canada targets C&D debris," Jan. 91.
- "1998 Metro Construction Site Recycling Guide," compiled by
Bryce Jacobson who is an excellent resource and can be reached at
- California Integrated Waste Management Board, Construction and
Demolition Project. Contact Mark Fong at 916-255-2495.
- Douglas County had a market and feasibility study done for a
"Reuse Operation Focusing on the Sale and Distribution of Used
Building Materials" in June 1997. The County decided not to go
forward with the plan, but the study is available for other
wastesheds to use.
- "Making Source Reduction and Reuse Work in Your Community. A
Manual for Local Governments" by the National Recycling Coalition,
Inc., 1998. Phone: 703-683-9025, Fax: 703-683-9026.
- "The Official Newsletter of the Reuse Development Organization,
Inc." ReDOís motto is: "making more reuse happen faster".
- "Used Building Material Association" for North America and
Canada (Manitoba). Contact Derell Keating at 204-947-0848.
- "Oregon Remodelers Association". Contact Linda Shaeffman,
Executive Director, at 503-257-9119.